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Yilmaz Güney belgeseli röportaj part 1
Yilmaz Güney belgeseli röportaj
Yilmaz Guney was born in 1937 in the Yenice village of the southern city of Adana. His father was a Zaza from Varto Turkey and his mother was a Kurd from Siverek, Turkey. Güney studied law and economics at
the universities in Ankara and Istanbul, but by the age of 21 he found himself actively involved in film-making. As Yeşilçam, the Turkish studio system, grew in strength, a handful of directors, including Atıf Yılmaz, began to use the cinema as a means of addressing the problems of the people. Mostly, state-sanctioned melodramas, war films and play adaptations had previously played in Turkish theaters, but these new filmmakers began to fill the screens with more artistic, personal and relevant pictures of Turkish/Kurdish life. The most popular name to emerge from the Young Turkish Cinema was Yılmaz Güney. Güney was a gruff-looking young actor who earned the moniker "Çirkin Kral," ("the Ugly King") or (pasha nashrin) in Kurdish. After working as an apprentice screenwriter for and assistant to Atıf Yılmaz, Güney soon began appearing in as many as 20 films a year and became Turkey's most popular actor.
Although the early 1960s brought some political freedom to Turkey, Güney was imprisoned in 1961 for 18 months for publishing a "communist" novel. The country's political situation and Güney's relationship with the authorities only became more tense in the ensuing years. Not content with his star status atop the Turkish film industry, Güney began directing his own pictures in 1965. By 1968 he had formed his own production company, Güney Filmcilik. Over the next few years, the titles of his films mirrored the feelings of the people of Turkey: Umut (Hope, 1970); Ağıt (Elegy, 1972); Acı (Pain, 1971) ; The Hopeless (1971).
After 1972, however, Güney would spend most of his life in prison. Arrested for harboring anarchist students, Güney was jailed during preproduction of Zavallılar (The Miserable, 1975), and before completing Endişe (Worry, 1974), which was finished in 1974 by Güney's assistant, Şerif Gören. This was a cherished role that Gören would repeat over the next dozen years, directing several scripts that Güney wrote laboriously while behind bars.
Released from prison in 1974 as part of a general amnesty, Güney was re-arrested that same year with a charge of murder of the public prosecutor of Yumurtalık district in Adana Province, Turkey. During this stretch of incarceration, his most successful screenplays were Sürü (The Herd, 1978) and Düşman (The Enemy, 1979), both directed by Zeki Ökten.
"The Herd, in fact, is the history of the Kurdish people, but I could not even use the Kurdish language in this film; if we had used Kurdish, all those who took part in this film would have been sent to jail..." Güney said in his last interview with journalist Chris Kutschera.
After escaping from prison in 1981 and fleeing to France, Güney won the Palme d'Or at the 1982 Cannes Film Festival for his film Yol, whose director in the field was once again Şerif Gören. It was not until 1983 that Güney resumed directing, telling a brutal tale of imprisoned children in his final film, Duvar (The Wall, 1983), made in France with the cooperation of the French government.
Güney remains a highly controversial figure in Turkish political and art circles. His works are highly regarded by the leftist Turkish media for bringing the social and economic problems of Turkish socialist movement to the public attention. However, his cinematic work is not rated above average by critics as most of his movies were Spaghetti Westerns. His record of 106 movies in 17 years is indicative of the amount of artistic effort put in his movies.
Yilmaz Guney's private life has been the focus of massive media coverage for his bizarre antics and his aggressive and chauvinistic behaviors towards his girlfriends. According to his close companion and fellow actor Tuncel Kurtiz's memoirs, Yilmaz Guney put a glass full of Raki on his girlfriend Nebahat Çehre's head and fired his gun aiming at the glass and missing it. Nebahat Çehre, extremely terrified and worn out from these weird stunts, decided to run away from Yilmaz Guney and jumped on a train with her siblings. Yilmaz Guney later forced the train drivers to stop the train by parking his car on the railway.
 Exile and death
Güney was an active member of the Türkiye Halk Kurtuluş Partisi-Cephesi (THKP-C) (Turkish People's Liberation Party-Front, TPLP-F) organization and was on the run from Turkish police as he was found guilty of shooting a public prosecutor, thus it is believed this is the reason for his exile. Yılmaz Güney died of gastric cancer in 1984, in Paris, France.
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